Introduction to Damsdam terminology"ha" column or row of the kana syllabary

Momosuke Fukuzawa

Momosuke Fukuzawa Introduction to Dams
This article can be read in about 13 minutes to read.

Reading: Momosuke Fukuzawa (Tosuke)
Other notation: Momosuke Fukuzawa
Former name: Momosuke Iwasaki

Momosuke Fukuzawa was a businessman active from the late Meiji period to the early Showa period. He was mainly active in the Japanese electric power industry and was nicknamed the "Electric Power King of Japan. Momosuke Fukuzawa, maiden name Momosuke Iwasaki, was born on June 25, Keio 4, 1868 (new calendar: August 13, 1868) in Arako-mura, Yokomi-gun, Musashi Province, present-day Yoshimi-machi, Hiki-gun, Saitama Prefecture, and spent his childhood in present-day Kawagoe City, where he was from a poor family. He excelled in academics to the extent that he is said to have been a prodigy.

At the age of 16, he moved to Tokyo and entered Keio Gijuku, a private school founded by Yukichi Fukuzawa. Momosuke, who was somewhat good at sports, caught the attention of the Fukuzawa family at an athletic meet during his school days and was chosen as a candidate for Yukichi's second wife's marriage. At this athletic meet, he wore a white shirt with a large lion on the front, and he seemed to be a young man who liked to stand out.

Also around this time, Sadayakko (the first actress in Japan, later Sadayakko Kawakami), then 14 years old, was riding a horse and was attacked by a wild dog while riding. Momosuke chased away the wild dog and saved her. This is said to be the first encounter between Momosuke and Sadayakko. Sadayakko later married Kawakami Otojiro, a performer of the "opekepee-busi" style, and after Otojiro's death, some sources say that the two had a mistress relationship, but in reality they were business partners.

On December 17, 1886, he became Momosuke Fukuzawa's adopted son-in-law on the premise that the Fukuzawa family would provide for his study abroad expenses after graduation and that he would marry Fusa. Three years later, in 1889, he returned from his study in the U.S. and married Fusa in December.

Background.the following tableThe results were summarized in the following table.

He died at his main residence in Shibuya, Tokyo on February 15, 1938. He was 69 years old.

Momosuke Fukuzawa's Brilliant Work Experience

December 1889Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway (later Hokkaido Coal Mine Steamship Company), Joined
April 1893Discharged from Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway
June of the same yearReturned to work for Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway as an executive employee.
Summer, 1894Suffering from tuberculosis, he took the opportunity to invest in stocks and amassed a large fortune.
October 1895Retired from Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway
September 1898Appointed as Director of Oji Paper
1899 (Meiji 32nd year)Marusan Shoten (Marusan Shokai) is established.
1900 (Meiji 33rd year)Resigned as Director of Oji Paper
July 1901Returned to Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway as Executive Manager
1906 (Meiji 39)Receives farm from Motoi Horiki, President of Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway (Fukuzawa Farm)
October of the same yearResigned from Hokkaido Coal Mine Railway
the same ageEstablished Teikoku Fertilizer and became a director.
the same ageAcquires Marusan Beer, Kabuto Beer, renamed Japan Daiichi Beer, and becomes director
January 1907Resigned from Nippon Daiichi Beer
Established Seto Mine Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of Senior Managing Director
Established Nisshinbo Co., Ltd. and became the first Senior Managing Director
February of the same yearAppointed as Auditor of Tokyo Fukuro Orimono
July 1908Appointed as Director of Toyohashi Electric Co.
October of the same yearHirotaki Hydroelectric Company, the company's major shareholder, opens for business.
1909 (Meiji 42nd year)Appointed president of Toyohashi Electric
January of the same yearAppointed from Auditor to Director of Tokyo Fukuro Orimono
July of the same yearAppointed as Director of Tobu Bank (formerly Katsushika Bank)
Appointed as an advisor to Nagoya Electric Light Co.
August of the same yearTokyo Fukuro Orimono is renamed Tokyo Seifun.
Established Fukuhaku Electric Railway Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of president.
October of the same yearAppointed Advisor to Nagoya Electric Light Co.
January 1910Appointed Director of Nagoya Electric Light Co.
April of the same yearResigned as Senior Managing Director of Nisshinbo
Established NIPPON GAS CO.
May of the same yearAppointed Managing Director of Nagoya Electric Light Co.
Shimonoseki Gas is established and he becomes the first president.
Kumamoto Gas is established and he becomes a director.
July of the same yearNiigata Gas and Kagoshima Gas are established and he becomes the first president.
September of the same yearHimeji Gas is established and he becomes a director.
Established Kyushu Electric Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of Director
October of the same yearOmuta Gas is established and he becomes the first president.
November of the same yearTransferred to Director of Nagoya Electric Light Co.
March 1911Appointed president of Shikoku Hydroelectric (formerly Sanuki Electric)
Appointed as Director of Matsuyama Electric Railway
April of the same yearWakayama Gas is established and he becomes the first president.
May of the same yearHamada Denki is established and becomes President and Director
June of the same yearTokyo Seifun dissolved.
Established Noda Electric Co.
July of the same yearResigned as Director of Tobu Bank
October of the same yearEstablished Karatsu Orbital and assumed the position of Director
November of the same yearHakata Electric Light and Fukuhaku Electric Railway merge to form Hakata Electric Light Railway; assumes post of Advisor
1912 (the 45th year of Meiji era)Transferred to Senior Managing Director of Toyohashi Electric
June of the same yearKyushu Electric (formerly Hirotaki Hydroelectric) and Hakata Electric Railway merge to form Kyushu Electric Railway Co. Appointed as Senior Advisor.
Kure Gas is established and he becomes a director.
October of the same yearEstablishes Sasebo Electric Co., Ltd. and assumes the position of president
Imabari Gas is established and he becomes a director.
January 1913Reappointed Managing Director of Nagoya Electric Light Co.
May of the same yearHe ran in the 11th general election for the House of Representatives from the county constituency of Chiba Prefecture and was elected as the top candidate. Served until December 1914.
June of the same yearNiigata Gas and Chiba Gas are merged to form Godo Gas (now Hokuriku Gas), of which he becomes president.
August of the same yearSeibu Godo Gas (now Seibu Gas) established by integrating 10 gas companies in Kyushu and Yamaguchi prefectures; appointed president
December of the same yearMatsuyama Electric Railway resigns as director.
December 1914Promoted to President of Nagoya Electric Light Co.
Assumed the position of President of Seibu Godo Gas and was transferred to the position of Senior Advisor
August of the same yearAppointed president of Aichi Electric Railway (now Nagoya Railroad Co., Ltd.)
1915 (Taisho 4)Sale of Seto Mine
June 1916Noda Electric dissolved
August of the same yearRetired from Hamada Electric
Established Denki Steel Works Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of Advisor
June 1917Shikoku Hydroelectric resigns
Retired from Aichi Electric Railway
September of the same yearAppointed president of Denki Steel Works
1918 (Taisho 7)Reappointed president of Toyohashi Electric Co.
April of the same yearEstablished Tokai Electrode Manufacturing Co.
September of the same yearEstablished Kiso Electric Steel Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of president.
March 1919Established Yahagi Hydro Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of Advisor
June of the same yearEstablished Hakusan Hydro Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of Advisor
September of the same yearNagoya Cement Co., Ltd. is established and he becomes a director.
Tokaido Electric Railway established and appointed president
November of the same yearOsaka Soden Co., Ltd. established and appointed president.
February 1921Kisogawa Electric Power Company, Osaka Transmission & Distribution, and Japan Hydro merge to form Daido Denryoku Co.
March of the same yearEstablishes Nobi Electric Co., Ltd. and assumes the position of Advisor
July of the same yearEstablished Ozan Denryoku Co., Ltd. and assumed the position of Advisor
October of the same yearNagoya Electric and Kansai Hydroelectric merge to form Kansai Electric Co.
December of the same yearResigned as President of Kansai Electric, merged with Kyushu Electric Railway, and transferred to the position of Advisor
August 1922Nagoya Cement and Saga Cement merged into Toyokuni Cement, and Toyokuni Cement appointed president.
1925 (Taisho 14)Resigned from Niigata Gas
1926 (Taisho 15)Appointed Chairman of the Imperial Theatre Co.
March 1928Ceded the post of Chairman of the Imperial Theatre and became Honorary Advisor
June of the same yearResignation of Daido Denryoku President
September of the same yearAwarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon
November of the same yearToyokuni Cement resigns as president of Kisogawa Electric Power Co.
December of the same yearResigned as Director of Shikoku Hydroelectric
November 1930Toyokuni Cement President reappointed.
1932 (the 7th year of the Showa era)Resignation of Toyokuni Cement President
Momosuke Fukuzawa's Brilliant Work Experience

Momosuke Fukuzawa's sanctuary

We have compiled a list of places associated with Momosuke Fukuzawa to serve as a reference for pilgrims to the Holy Land. The list is too detailed to mention all the places, so we have only selected the most representative ones.

birthplace

In Yoshimi Town, Saitama Prefecture, where his birthplace was located, there is a signboard indicating his birthplace along Prefectural Route 33. In this village, there are many people with the surname Iwasaki, Momosuke's maiden name. (See the following table).Google Maps)

Birthplace of Momosuke Fukuzawa, King of Electric Power
Birthplace of Momosuke Fukuzawa, King of Electric Power

Momosuke Fukuzawa Birthplace Monument

The actual birthplace seems to have been located further back from the prefectural road, and a small stone monument has been erected. The name "Iwasaki" is engraved on an adjacent gravestone, but it is unclear if it belongs to the family. (The name of the family is not known.Google Maps)

Momosuke Fukuzawa Birthplace Monument
Momosuke Fukuzawa Birthplace Monument

Statue of Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa Hisashi near Shimomura Weir

Five of the eight statues were offered for sale during the Pacific War, and three remained at the Uemura Power Station of Chubu Electric Power Company, the Soyama Power Station of Kansai Electric Power Company, and the Yoshinotani Power Station of Hokuriku Electric Power Company. On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Momosuke Fukuzawa's birth in June 1968, the sculptures were moved to the Chubu Electric Power Human Resources Development Center. The remaining one was donated to Shikoku Electric Power Company. Later, in December 1996, the one that had been installed at the Kamimura Power Station was relocated near the Shimomura weir (on the premises of the Kamiyasaku Promotion Office) as a project commemorating the 45th anniversary of the founding of Chubu Electric Power Company. (Google Maps)

Statue of Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa Hisashi near Shimomura Weir
Statue of Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa Hisashi near Shimomura Weir

Statue of Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa Kotobuki at the Nanxiang Power Station

One of eight statues created by the aforementioned sculptor Nitta Totaro. (Google Maps)

Statue of Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa Kotobuki at the Nanxiang Power Station
Statue of Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa Kotobuki at the Nanxiang Power Station

Statue of Momosuke Fukuzawa, King of Electric Power in Ena Gorge Sazanami Park

It is installed on a hill in Enakyo Sazanami Park overlooking the upstream face of the Oi Dam, together with a relief of Sadayakko Kawakami. The image of Momosuke staring firmly at the Oi Dam is very impressive. (See the photo below.)Google Maps)

Statue of Momosuke Fukuzawa, King of Electric Power in Ena Gorge Sazanami Park
Statue of Momosuke Fukuzawa, King of Electric Power in Ena Gorge Sazanami Park

Momosuke Fukuzawa Memorial Hall

Momosuke's villa, built in 1919 to direct the construction of the power plant, is open to the public as a memorial museum. The fee is 500 yen for adults (with the adjacent Mountain History Museum). The museum is open from 9:30 to 16:30, but is closed in winter (December 1 to mid-March) and on Wednesdays. (The museum is open from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.Google Maps)

Momosuke Fukuzawa Memorial Hall
Momosuke Fukuzawa Memorial Hall

bridge designed to be underwater during a flood

The suspension bridge was built over the Kiso River in 1922, but it was originally built to transport construction materials for the Yomisho Power Plant, and some traces of trolley rails were laid in the center of the bridge. In 1950, the bridge was donated to the then village of Yomisho and became a village road, but in 1978, it was in danger of being closed due to its age. It was restored in 1993 as a hometown creation project. The bridge has been designated as a national important cultural property as part of the Yomisho Power Plant facilities, and is also recognized as a Heritage of Modernization. (Google Maps)

bridge designed to be underwater during a flood
bridge designed to be underwater during a flood

Normally, bridges are built to shorten the distance between rivers in order to reduce costs and construction work, but the Momosuke Bridge was built on a wide river not perpendicular to the direction of the river, but at an angle to it.

One reason for this is to compensate for the difference in elevation in transporting materials to Minami-Kiso Station, but I personally find Momosuke's episode more interesting because the electric power company at that time was truly a venture business, and was proud of its spirit and technological prowess.

Kaki其水路橋

A double-arch reinforced concrete bridge that crosses the Kakinoki-gawa River as part of the water conduit to the Yomisho Power Station. Together with Yomisho Power Station and Momosuke Bridge, it is a National Important Cultural Property and a Heritage of Modernization. (The bridge is located on the south side of the Yomiuri River.Google Maps)

Kaki其水路橋
Kaki其水路橋

Bunka no Michi Futabakan Former Sadayakko Kawakami Residence, Nagoya

The building where Sadayakko Kawakami, also known as the first Japanese actress, and her business partner Momosuke Fukuzawa lived together. It was built around 1920 at 18 Higashi Futaba-cho, Higashi Ward, Nagoya City (near the current 3-chome Shirakabe, Higashi Ward. The building was originally built around 1920 in Higashi Futaba-cho 18, Higashi Ward, Nagoya City (near present-day Shirakabe 3-chome, Higashi Ward, one of Nagoya's most prestigious residential areas), but was moved and restored to its current location at 23, Yugi-cho 3-chome, Higashi Ward. The museum also exhibits a bag and other items used by Momosuke. Admission is 200 yen for adults. The museum is open from 10:00 to 17:00, closed on Mondays (or the following day if Monday is a national holiday) and December 29 to January 3. Admission is 200 yen for adults and 200 yen for children.Google Maps)

Bunka no Michi Futabakan Former Sadayakko Kawakami Residence, Nagoya
Bunka no Michi Futabakan Former Sadayakko Kawakami Residence, Nagoya

Joushouji Temple

This temple was built in 1933 by Sadayakko Kawakami with his private funds. When it was first built, it was called Kongosan Momokoin Teishoji Temple, and the name of the temple was derived from Momosuke. Around the main hall are carved wooden reliefs that religiously represent Sadayakko's life. The relief of the Oi Dam in particular is a must-see. The tablets of Momosuke as well as Sadayakko are enshrined in the main hall. To the north of the main hall is Sadayakko's mausoleum, with a statue of the Goddess of Mercy standing in front of it, said to be looking in the direction of the Oi Dam. (See alsoGoogle Maps)

Joushouji Temple
Joushouji Temple

On the other side of the national highway is Manshoen, the former villa of Sadayakko Kawakami. The former Sadayakko Kawakami villa is usually closed to the public because it is used as a wedding hall by a general corporation, but tours are held twice a month. It is designated as a National Important Cultural Property.

Monument in remembrance of Momosuke Fukuzawa at Nittaiji Temple's Shariden (monument for Momosuke Fukuzawa sensei)

The "Monument in Memory of Momosuke Fukuzawa (Monument to Mr. Momosuke Fukuzawa)" stands on the east side of the entrance to the Nittaiji Shariden Hall in Chikusa-ku, Nagoya City. The monument is dedicated to Momosuke's life and his contributions to the development of the Chubu economy. (Japanese only)Google Maps)

Monument to Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa at Nittaiji Shariden
Monument to Dr. Momosuke Fukuzawa at Nittaiji Shariden

Mr. Momosuke Fukuzawa was a genius of the highest order, and his contribution to the national society was so vast that it deserves a special mention in the economic history of the Meiji and Taisho eras. He was born in Saitama Prefecture and studied at Keio University. Mr. Fukuzawa's interest in Central Japan began in 1909 when he became involved with the Nagoya Electric Light Company, which at that time was mainly engaged in the supply of lights and mainly relied on thermal power. In order to transmit the increased power in this way, large transmission lines were constructed and several electric power companies were added to the system. The river water, which ran silently and blindly through the valleys of the Owari-Shinano for ten million years, became electric heat and light, bringing light and warmth to millions of homes and houses, becoming electric power and triggering thousands of industries large and small. As the spring water filled the four streams, Nagoya's population increased, making it the third largest city in Japan. Decades ago, someone did not know that the valley water of Nobuo contained such great power, but only Mr. Fukuzawa's keen sense of perception and his ability to make full use of this mute, blind running water to open up the civilization of electric power in Central Japan. In order to commemorate Mr. Fukuzawa, his old friends have joined forces to erect a monument, and I have written a record of his achievements in the Nagoya area.
November 1933
Privy Counselor, Written by Takekoshi Yozaburo, Privy Counselor, Nomoto Hakuun

Monument in Remembrance of Momosuke Fukuzawa (Monument to Momosuke Fukuzawa Sensei)

Tomb of Momosuke Fukuzawa

The burial site will be Ward 9, Type 1, Side 7, Number 1 of the Tama Cemetery. (Google Maps)

Tomb of Momosuke Fukuzawa
Tomb of Momosuke Fukuzawa

Pilgrimage Map of the Holy Land

Books and DVDs related to Momosuke Fukuzawa

Momosuke Fukuzawa Shiki" is a revised and modernized version of "Momosuke Shiki" published by Jitsugyo no Sekai-sha in 1911. It is sprinkled with Momosuke's life lessons and wise sayings.

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Water Burns Fire is a novel based on a true story. Personally, I would like to see this developed into an epic drama or morning drama based on this story.

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Meiji Toikou Kougyou (Meikoi)

A media mix work by Dwango. The work is primarily an adventure game for women in which celebrities from the Meiji era appear as handsome men. This work includes the appearance of Momosuke Iwasaki (called Tousuke instead of Momosuke in the work), whose maiden name is Momosuke Iwasaki after Full Moon released on August 25, 2016. He appears in the film as Shota Matsushima (anime CV: Yoshimasa Hosoya, live-action film actor: Shota Matsushima). Abbreviated name "Meikoi".

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reference data

Chubu Branch of the Japan Electric Association "People who built Chubu Energy".

This article was written by.
Shin Jinma

Dam enthusiast who loves Momosuke Fukuzawa / Dampedia and Dam News administrator / Certified Dammeister (01-018) by the Japan Dam Foundation / Started selling discharge caution goods.https://shop.dampedia.com

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